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Global Vegetable Trade Sees Turmoil

A new report by Rabobank, the World Vegetable Map, highlights the turbulent recent history of the international vegetable sector.



Disruptions from COVID-19, severe weather, rising costs, and logistical hurdles continue to shake the industry.


The last five years have seen shifts in trade patterns, volatile prices, and decreased European Union (EU) and United States (US) production.


Global trade saw an uneven 3% annual increase from 2017-2022 despite global inflation.


Changing Trade Flows

Mexico, Spain, and the Netherlands remain leading exporters of fresh vegetables. However, countries such as Poland and Turkey have emerged as significant players in both fresh and processed vegetable markets.



The US has solidified its position as the world's primary importer of fresh vegetables, particularly greenhouse varieties.


Mexican exports have correspondingly surged nearly 40% in the last five years to meet this demand.


Europe sees a mixed pattern, with Spain, Italy, and the Netherlands maintaining export strength, while Morocco, Poland, and Turkey gain market share.


Seed Supply Significance

The report underscores the importance of high-quality vegetable seeds.


The Netherlands dominates in breeding and trade.


Chile leverages its unique climate and location as a seed producer and exporter.


The US acts as both a significant importer and exporter within the seed market.




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