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Robotics, artificial intelligence and advanced agriculture are changing the way we produce food

From commonsense sustainable practices to idiocentric genome-specific personalisations, to robotic kitchens, to cellular agriculture, food systems in the future will make you jump out of your skin.

Experts predict food systems to look very different from what they look like right now. It is an industry that will be expected to feed 9.7 billion people by 2050 so the future of food has to centre around planet-forward processes, community-supported initiatives and solutions to manage the global food crisis.

Some of the things that will matter the most are:

The transformative power of technology

Agtech will bring about a big change in matters of food production. According to a report by Bain & Company, the market is predicted to grow to $30-35 billion by 2025.

“We are using everything from data analytics, Internet of Things, Artificial Intelligence and other systems to streamline processes for a sizeable yield, while lowering greenhouse gas emissions.

Another upcoming feature is the use of specialised RNAi-based technologies in place of chemical pesticides to save the soil. These biopesticides or pesticides derived from natural materials are easily broken down by microbes in the soil, thus, avoiding bioaccumulation,” says Agritech entrepreneur Gurjeet Singh Dillon.

Genome-specific personalisations

Nutrigenetics services are gaining ground. It looks at the role of bioactive food compounds in a person’s gene expression, while offering solutions specific to their biology.

Food in the future will be less of a generalisation and more of a customisable product.

Precision nutrition is catching up. Doctors will use genetic tests to figure out DNA loopholes and fill those gaps with tailored-made solutions. The study of the gut microbiome—individual to every human—will play a huge role in constructing diet charts..

Waste no more

More than one-third of global food production—around 1.3 billion tonnes—is wasted annually. Global waste is set to grow 70 percent by 2050, according to United Nations Environment Programme.

One-third of all food is wasted and 25 percent of greenhouse gas emissions come from the food industry, reveals The Future of Food: Challenges and Opportunities report by Deloitte.

Small efforts such as saving seeds to allow them to self-pollinate, eating the skin of certain fruits and vegetables or storing food correctly will become common practice.

Robotic kitchens

Robotic technology is on fire right now. Restaurants of the future will have robots not just serving us (which is already the case) but also cooking our food and taking orders.

Robotic technology takes up much less space and time and cuts labour costs too.


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