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Unlocking food authenticity: How SIRA technology has revolutionised fresh produce verification

In a world increasingly concerned with food safety and authenticity, Stable Isotope Ratio Analysis (SIRA) is a game-changer. This cutting-edge technology offers a robust method for verifying the origin and production methods of fresh produce, thereby supporting due diligence and combating food fraud.


The Science Behind SIRA

SIRA leverages the Earth's natural chemical diversity, focusing on isotopes of key elements like carbon, nitrogen, hydrogen, and oxygen. These isotopes vary based on factors such as photosynthesis, stress, fertilisers, and the environment in which a plant is grown. By comparing a sample's isotopic composition to a meticulously curated database, SIRA can determine if the produce aligns with its claimed origin or production method.


The Database: A Critical Component

The efficacy of SIRA hinges on the quality of the reference database. This database is built using authentic samples that represent commercial production and is validated through rigorous statistical techniques. It captures the natural variability of stable isotope ratios, providing a reliable baseline for comparison.


Applications in Food Fraud Investigations

SIRA can be employed in various types of food fraud investigations, including mislabelling, adulteration, and substitution.


Interestingly, SIRA can also be used to verify the production system of the produce. For instance, the nitrogen isotopic composition can indicate whether synthetic fertilisers were used, thus helping to identify if a product is consistent with organic farming practices. However, it's crucial to note that this test focuses solely on the fertiliser component and is not a comprehensive proof of organic production.


Rigorous Testing and Validation

The method involves freeze-drying the produce to remove free water and, where necessary, fats and oils that could skew the results. Samples are analysed in triplicate, adhering to strict measurement criteria, to ensure the highest level of accuracy.


The Future of Food Verification

Food Forensics, accredited for isotopic measurement across all types of produce, underscores that the effectiveness of SIRA is contingent on the quality of the reference database. As the technology continues to evolve, it promises to become an indispensable tool in the quest for food authenticity and safety.


Food Fraud and SIRA in Fresh produce
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